Ethnography

May 24th, 2006

I went to Julia Prior’s DA yesterday and her methodology is ethnography. So just write down few points about ethnography…

Ethnography is an entirely fieldwork based research method. Ethnography seeks to observe phenomena as it occurs real time and gives the researcher the worldview of his observed subjects. The criticism against ethnography is that the observers presence may in itself contribute to results that are inaccurate. This is because the observed subjects may act in a manner that’s different from norm due to the presence of the observer. Since the observed behavior is not usual behavior, hence the derived results are false because it does not depict normal behavior. The techniques used in ethnography are:
• Direct, firsthand observation of daily behavior. This can include participant observation.
• Conversation with different levels of formality. This can involve small talk to long interviews.
• The genealogical method. This is a set of procedures by which ethnographers discover and record connections of kinship, descent and marriage using diagrams and symbols.
• Detailed work with key consultants about particular areas of community life.
• In-depth interviewing.
• Discovery of local beliefs and perceptions.
• Problem-oriented research.
• Longitudinal research. This is continuous long-term study of an area or site.
• Team research.

Interview research methods discussion

May 19th, 2006

I held a discussion with several CCSers yesterday about interview research methods. Basically, I shared some notes I made when I went to a PHD seminar run by AGSM a week ago. For those who might be interested in the future, I attached the slides on wiki under the methodology section, click here.

A vedio of interactive piece

March 1st, 2006

A on-line vedio for
Multi-touch Interation Expriment, by Jefferson Y. Han 2006

The Journal of ICT

January 3rd, 2006

An open journal for Information and Communication Technology.

International Journal of Education and development in Information and Communication Technology.

Key Persons for Conversation Analysis

January 2nd, 2006

1.Harvey Sacks, 1964, who originated a radical research programme which was designed to inverstigate the levels of social order that could be revealed in the everyday practice of talking.
2.John Austin,1964, Speech Act Theory, which argued that all uterances performed actions.
3. John Searle
4.Chomsky
5. Schegloff
6. Erving Goffman: In the 1950s, he developed a form of sociology which focused on the presentation of ’self’ in the multifarious situations of everyday life. At the core of this work was the ritual nature of face-to-face interaction.In his inverstigations, Goffman was primarily interested in what he called the ‘intereaction order’ (Goffman 1983).
7.Garfinkel: Contemporaneously with Goffman, Garfinkel was developing the form of sociology which became known as ethnomethodology. Ethnomethodology similarly proposes that everyday interaction constitutes a legitimate domain of sociological study.

Happy New Year

January 1st, 2006

Dear CCSers, Happy New Year to you all!
Sydney has reached 45 degree so far!
Fireworks

Conversation

December 21st, 2005

1. Conversation is comonplace and practical
2.Everyday conversation is a collection of language game.
3. Speech acts are the actions of conversation
4.Certain speech acts are similar in that they have a similar point or function in the conversational game
5.Everone assumes that participants are trying to follow the cooperative principle.
6. Being indirect is one important way of being polite or tactful.
7.An utternace counts as some particular action not only because of what it says, but because of the talk that surrounds it.
8. The concept of preference is not based on participants’ psychological desires or motivations.

Snow

December 21st, 2005

It has been the biggest snow in my hometown during the last 50 years. Although Jan-Feb is the coldest season there, it has already dropped to minus 8 these days. Some of the area have been covered by snow of more than one meter high. The traffic basically has been stoped except the train. Mum said the whole town never be in such a quietness in her memory.

Snow
It is amazing to see people walk to work in a queue…..
walking to work

My sliver hometown

December 21st, 2005

I used to ride my bicycle to school on this road. :)

My Snowing Hometown

ConCom05–”Conceptualising Communication” Conference

December 15th, 2005

I went to the 5th Conference of “Conceptualizing Communication” last week in University of New England in Armidale. During the two days’ intensive discussion, different notions of human communication have been brought out into open and cross-disciplinary context.

There were many interesting discussions during the two days conferences. Scholars who come from several disciplines, such as engineering, psychologist, sociologists and linguistics, gathered there to talked about many key issues in the conceptualizing communication area. For example, the culture issue raised by Dr. Anthony J. Liddicoat (NSA), the intention issued in communication, communication in humanities and art (addressed by Pro. Roger Dean), communication among computer and human from A I point of view (addressed by Rro. Peter Eklund ) and so on.

Surprisingly, there were a lot of discussion around shared understanding and shared language in human-beings’ communication. Such as the shared understanding through movements and gesture from dance performer and audience (Kate Stevens, UWS), how the understanding set up from gesture languages (Adam Schembri & Trevor Johnston, MU) and how to cope communication with people who come from different disciplines, how to cope multi-background collaboration (Helen Hasan, UW). The agreements reached at the end of the conferences are that shared language and shared understanding are very abstract and complicated, until now we only have quite a few findings. Also, how to quantify and increase shared elements are still limited with some specific techniques.

Generally speaking, this conference gave me many amazing ideas about how my research interest locates in this field and how other scholars investigate the similar interests from different research angels. Although, after the conference, I realized my research issue is much more complicated than how I thought, I set up confidence in this area through talking with researchers who are dealing with the similar puzzles for many decades.
******************************************************
Something else……….. :) University of New England has a beautiful campus, which is a bit like Loughborough University in England (agreed by Roger Dean too). They have many isolated buildings, a lot of greens and a very spacious campus. But, they have one unique feature: there are a lot of farmed semi-wild animals on the campus, such as kangaroo, wallabies and deer. It is pretty amazing to see tens of kangaroos are having sun-bath not that far away from you after you walk out of the faculty building! :D